Diehl, Richard A.. The Olmecs: America's first civilization

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The Olmecs America's First Civilization


1 Introduction

Olmec Studies: A Short History

The Olmec World

Olman In The Eyes Of The Aztecs

Olman In The Eyes Of The Spanish Conquistadors

Olman's Pre-olmec Inhabitants

The Origins Of Olmec Culture: The Ojochí, Bajío, And Chichárras Phase (1500–1200 Bc)

2 San Lorenzo's Realm

San Lorenzo's Olmec Occupation

San Lorenzo In The Tenth Century Bc

San Lorenzo's Royal Compound

San Lorenzo Sculpture

San Lorenzo's Realm

San Lorenzo's Contemporaries

Laguna De Los Cerros

Las Limas

La Oaxaqueña

San Lorenzo's Demise

3 La Venta's Realm

La Venta's Olmec History

La Venta At Its Height

La Venta's Formal Entrances: Complexes D And I

La Venta's Royal Compound

La Venta's Hidden Sanctuary: Complex A

Construction History

Stone Monuments


Offerings And Caches

La Venta Sculpture

La Venta As A Sacred Landscape

La Venta's Hinterland

La Venta's Contemporaries

La Venta's Demise And The End Of Olmec Culture

4 Olmec Daily Life And Culture

Olmec Villages And Hamlets

Diet And Subsistence


Social And Political Organization

Writing, Calendrics, And Astronomy


Religious Practitioners


5 Olmec Art

Monumental Sculpture

Colossal Heads


Full-figured Human And Animal Sculptures


Olmec Uses Of Sculpture

Monument Carvings And Transport

Greenstone Objects



Ornaments And Ritual Paraphernalia

Manufacture, Recarving, And Reuse

6 The Olmecs Abroad: Eastern Mesoamerica

Olmec Horizons

The Early Olmec Horizon

The Mokaya

Paso De La Amada

Mokaya Chiefs And The Olmecization Of Mokaya Society

The Early Olmec Horizon Outside The Soconusco

The Late Olmec Horizon In Eastern Mesoamerica

La Blanca And The Soconusco

Chiapas Beyond The Soconusco

Pacific Guatemala

El Salvador


Costa Rica

The Maya Lowlands

7 The Olmecs Abroad: Western Mesoamerica

The Basin Of Mexico And The Tlatilco Culture During The Early Olmec Horizon

Life In Tlatilco-culture Times




Cave Paintings


The Late Olmec Horizon And Chalcatzingo

8 Epi-olmec Culture

Tres Zapotes: Olmec Village And Epi-olmec Capital

Epi-olmec Art

Epi-olmec Intellectual Achievements: Writing, Calendrics, And Astronomy

The Olmec Legacy

Epilogue: News Flashes From The Olmec World

Guide To Olmec Sites

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: The Olmecs: America's first civilization

Published By: New York: Thames and Hudson, 2004. 7-202 p.

By line: Richard A. Diehl

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Olmec (NU95)

Subjects: Visual arts (5311); Identification (101); Settlement patterns (361); Acculturation and culture contact (177);

Abstract: Diehl provides a current synthesis of archaeological evidence and scholarship on the Olmec. Beyond the portions describing in detail the sequential development and importance of the urban centers of Olmec culture, San Lorenzo and La Venta, Diehl also lucidly discusses the evidence for the early development of the Olmec culture at San Lorenzo and El Manatí, and the declining or 'Epi-Olmec' culture at Tres Zapotes. In-depth and topically organized sections describe and interpret Olmec culture, Olmec art, and Olmec influences throughout Mesoamerica.

Document Number: 43

Document ID: nu95-043

Document Type: Component part(s), monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 195-202). 'Olman' (Olmec Core Area or heartland) - use 'IDENTIFICATION (101)' and/or 'TERRITORIAL HIERARCHY (631)'.

Field Date: unknown

Evaluation: Archaeologist-4

Analyst: Leon G. Doyon ; 2006

Coverage Date: 3600 BP-1750 BP

Coverage Place: Mesoamerica

LCSH: Olmecs--History/Olmecs--Antiquities/Mexico--Antiquities/Mexico--Civilization--Indian influences


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