Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
The Chantuto people: an archaic period society of the Chiapas Littoral, Mexico
Published By: Original publisher
Provo, Utah: New World Archaeological Foundation. 1976. xvi, 147 p. ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Barbara Voorhies
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2001. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Lowland Mesoamerican Archaic (NY50)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Organization and analysis of results of research (128);
Lithic industries (324);
General tools (412);
Cultural stratigraphy (912);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Voorhies excavated along the coast of Chiapas, Mexico at three sites (Cs-6, Cs-7, and Cs-8) with Archaic components. The sites are shell middens located in what is now mangrove swamp. This preceramic component was discovered in the 1940s when Philip Drucker excavated the Chantuto site (Cs-3). Voorhies refers, "to this sociocultural system as the Chantuto society," (page 1). In the Archaic component Voorhies mostly found unworked shell and stone tools. The shells were identified as species which are found in estuarine environments. The stone tools included some that were made from obsidian. Obsidian is only found in the highlands so this indicates some form of exchange was occurring during the Archaic. Voorhies speculates that dried fish and shell fish meat might have been exchanged for the obsidian. She also speculates that the Chantuto people were catching shrimp in the lagoon and the shrimp might also have been used for exchange and subsistence. Also found during the excavations was a clay layer with a burial in it. Voorhies interprets the clay layer as a possible house floor.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
English with Spanish translation of concluding section
Includes bibliographical references (p. 143-147)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
1971, 1973, 1974
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry; 1999
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
5,000 BP-4,000 BP (3,000 B.C.-2,000 B.C.)
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Chantuto phase; Chiapas, Mexico
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Indians of Central America--Antiquities/Indians of