Rudenko, S. I. (Sergei Ivanovich), 1885-. Frozen tombs of Siberia: the Pazyryk burials of Iron Age horsemen

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Title: Frozen tombs of Siberia: the Pazyryk burials of Iron Age horsemen

Published By: Berkeley: University of California Press, 1970. xxxvi, 340, [144] p.: ill.

By line: by Sergei I. Rudenko. Translated and with a pref. by M. W. Thompson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Early Nomad (RL60)

Subjects: Domesticated animals (231); Work in skins (281); Felted and other non-interworked fabrics (287); Normal garb (291); Special garments (292); Bone, horn, and shell technology (321); Woodworking (322); Metallurgy (325); General tools (412); Animal transport (492); Vehicles (493); Visual arts (5311); Burial practices and funerals (764); Ethnozoology (825);

Abstract: Rudenko excavated these frozen tombs near Pazyryk, Russia and he discusses many details of their construction and their contents. Although the tombs had been extensively looted in antiquity, many artifacts made of fragile materials (such as wood, fabric, and leather) were preserved. In addition, the artifacts associated with the horses and the horses themselves, which were buried just outside the tombs, had not been looted and were found intact. Therefore, many of the artifacts discussed in this book are equipment associated with the horses. Also found were embalmed bodies, one with tatoos. Clothing was found with the bodies, although it is unclear which if any of the clothes would have been considered everyday wear. Rudenko proposes that the tomb construction would have been similar to their winter dwellings, including furnishings (such as hanging carpets on the walls or placing them on the floors and the use of small tables). One of the remarkable traits of the Early Nomads is their art work and many if not most of the items found in these tombs were decorated. Rudenko estimated the maximum and minimum ages for the site were 520 B.C. to 212 B.C.

Document Number: 2

Document ID: rl60-002

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Translation of: [Kul'tura naseleniia Gornogo Altaia v skifskoe vremia]. Illustrations: [144] p. at end. Includes bibliographical references (p. 329-332)

Field Date: 1924, 1929, and 1947-1949

Evaluation: Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: Sarah Berry ; 2000

Coverage Date: 2520 B.P.-2212 B.P. (520 B.C.-212 B.C.)

Coverage Place: Pazyryk site ; Pazyryk, Russia

LCSH: Asia, Central--Antiquities


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