Barton, Loukas William. Early food production in China's western Loess Plateau

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1. Agricultural Origins In East Asia

Introduction, Main Results, And Audience

Food Procurement And Food Production

Vavilov And Centers Of Origin

The Nuclear Area Hypothesis

Yellow Millet, Yangzi Rice

The Garden Of Eden Revisited

Numerous Independent Trajectories

A Reader's Roadmap


Chapter 2. The Geographic Setting

Northern China

The Loess Plateau

The Longxi Basin

Contemporary Setting

A History Of Environmental Change

The Lgm In Desert And Plateau

Post-lgm In Desert And Plateau

Younger Dryas In Desert And Plateau

Early Holocene

The 8.2 K Event

Middle Holocene



Chapter 3. The Cultural Prehistory Of Northern China

The Terms Of Prehistory

An Evolutionary Overview

Spatial Distributions

Ice Age Biogeography

Post Glacial Adaptations

The Early Holocene Hiatus

The Neolithic Revolution

The Phase 1 Agricultural Pattern

The Phase 2 Agricultural Pattern

Northwest China



Chapter 4. Excavations At The Dadiwan Site

The Local Setting

Excavations: 1978 – 1984; 1995

Excavations In 2004 & 2006

Mill Yard Excavations

Lumber Yard Excavations

Farmer's Field Excavations

Excavations Inside The Dadiwan Museum

The Extended Cultural Sequence

Artifact Distributions




Chapter 5. Chronology At Dadiwan

The Radiocarbon Chronology

The Expanded Chronology



Chapter 6. Archaeobotany

North China's Limited Record

Morphological Variation Under Selection

The Domestication Syndrome

Basic Characteristics Of Panicum And Setaria Millets

Automatic Selection

Expectations For Morphological Expression

Sampling Project


Xishanping (xsp02)

Heituya (lx002a)

Xiujiashang (zs06d)

Gedachaun (jb3)


Collection Methods



General Description Of Plant Remains In The Loess Plateau



Chapter 7. Plant And Animal Domestication

Illustrating Early Agriculture


The Domestic Niche

The Archaeological Identity Of Domestication

The Evidence For Domestication In China

Domestication And Stable Isotope Biochemistry

The Isotopic Identity Of Domestication At Dadiwan

The Isotopic Record Of Early Agriculture In China

Phase 1 Humans

Phase 2 Humans




Chapter 8. Conclusion

Early Food Production In The Western Loess Plateau

A Review

An Hypothesis For How It Began

Is This Agriculture?

How Low-level Agriculture Comes And Goes

Subsequent Diffusion & Replacement

The Broad Pattern Of Low-level Food Production Across Northern China

Alternative Hypotheses

Implications For Agricultural Origins Elsewhere


Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Early food production in China's western Loess Plateau

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI. 2009 [2015 copy]. xviii, 329 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication By Loukas William Barton

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2020. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Middle-Upper Yellow River Middle Neolithic (AF48)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Identification (101); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Archaeological excavation methods (1210); Laboratory analysis of materials other than dating methods in archaeology (1212); Domesticated animals (231); Cereal agriculture (243); Settlement patterns (361);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This dissertation is about the site of Dadiwan, its excavation, and excavations in the western Loess Plateau. The site was intensively occupied at two different periods: during the Dadiwan (7900-7200 BP) and Yangshao (6800-4900 BP) phases (Component 6 pertains to Yangshao). In order to understand when millet agriculture became more than low-level food production, and because the physical archaeological evidence is limited, the author examined the stable isotope biochemistry of a sample of dogs, pigs, humans, and other animal remains from Dadiwan as an indicator of whether those people and animals consumed millet.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. af48-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM 3396834 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of California, Davis, 2009 Includes bibliographical references (p. 235-287)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 2004, 2006

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2018

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 7800-4900 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) western Loess Plateau, Gansu, China

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Yangshao culture


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