Byrd, Brian F.. The Natufian: settlement variability and economic adaptions in the Levant at the end of the Pleistocene

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Natufian: settlement variability and economic adaptions in the Levant at the end of the Pleistocene

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Journal of world prehistory -- Vol. 3, no. 2

Published By: Original publisher Journal of world prehistory -- Vol. 3, no. 2 New York: Plenum Publishing Corp.. 1989. 159-197 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Brian F. Byrd

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Epipaleolithic (M080)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Settlement patterns (361); Cultural participation (184); Diet (262); Food preparation (252); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Byrd wrote this review 'to examine the relationship or 'goodness of fit' between current interpretations of Natufian settlement and subsistence strategies and the available archaeological data, to suggest alternative hypotheses, and to indicate areas where more research is needed.' (page 160). He also conducted a cluster analysis of the stone tools from 38 Natufian occupation horizons to look for more evidence of subsistence variability. He found differences between forest and coastal sites and steppe and desert sites.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. m080-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 189-197)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2007

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 12,500 BP-10,200 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Levantine Near East: Egypt, Israel, Jordon, Lebanon, Palestinian Autonomous Areas, and Syria

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Natufian culture/Middle East--Antiquities


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