Tchernov, E. (Eitan). Biological evidence for human sedentism in southwest Asia during the Natufian

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Biological evidence for human sedentism in southwest Asia during the Natufian

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph The Natufian culture in the Levant, edited by Ofer Bar-Yosef & François R. Valla

Published By: Original publisher The Natufian culture in the Levant, edited by Ofer Bar-Yosef & François R. Valla Ann Arbor, Mich.: International Monographs in Prehistory. 1991. 315-336 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Eitan Tchernov

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Epipaleolithic (M080)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Fauna (136); Settlement patterns (361); Hunting and trapping (224); Environmental quality (318); Sociocultural trends (178);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document 'The goal of this paper is: (1) to bring forth mainly biological evidence to support the argument that sedentism already existed during the early Natufian in the southern Levant; (2) to explain how the establishment of a sedentary way of life caused a major impact on the environment by creating special habitats around long-term sites, even before domestication and farming were regularly practiced; and (3) to show that under these special ecological conditions people started to manipulate the wild populations through selective culling.' (page 315). Tchernov discusses in situ speciation, the increase in plants and animal species exploited, and extensive control over wild populations of gazelles. He relies heavily on the data from Hayonim cave and terrace.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 28

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. m080-028

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 336-340)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeozoologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2007

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 12,000 BP-10,000 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestinian Autonomous Areas, and Syria

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Natufian culture/Middle East--Antiquities

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