Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Akkermans, Peter M. M. G.
Villages in the steppe: later Neolithic settlement and subsistence in the Balikh Valley, northern Syria
Published By: Original publisher
Ann Arbor, Mich.: International Monographs in Prehistory. 1993. xv, 351 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Peter M.M.G. Akkermans
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Settlement patterns (361);
Cultural participation (184);
Exchange and transfers (430);
Chronologies and culture sequences (911);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Akkermans describes his survey and excavation work in the Balikh river valley. The sites described date from the Balikh I (Pre-Pottery Neolithic circa 7500 BC) to the Balikh V (late Chalcolithic period 3500-3000 BC). Several of the sites have occupations which date to the Halaf period (Sabi Abyad, Damishliyya, and Khirbet esh-Shenef). Akkermans dates the Halaf period from around 5200 BC to around 4500 BC (or 7200 BP to 6500 BP) mostly because he follows the convention of using uncorrected radiocarbon dates. In examining the Halaf period Akkermans was able to excavate several sites (or tells) and surface collect artifacts from dozens of other Neollithic sites within the valley. This allows Akkermans to discuss the settlement system, the subsistence economy and strategies, production, exchange (mostly of ceramics), and social organization in the valley and compare these findings to Halafian sites elsewhere in Turkey, Syria, and Iran. Akkermans emphasizes the excavation data from Sabi Abyad more than the other sites as this site produced better data from the Halafian period.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Originally published: Amsterdam : Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen, 1990|Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral)--Amsterdam, 1990 Includes bibliographical references (p. 325-351)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
survey 1983; fieldwork 1984-1986 and 1988
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Archaeologist - 4,5
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry; 2006
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Halaf period; 7200 BP-6500 BP uncalibrated (5200 BC-4500 BC uncalibrated)
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Balikh valley, northern Syria
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Halaf culture--Balikh River Valley (Turkey and Syria)/Subsistence economy--Balikh River Valley (Turkey and Syria)/Commerce, Prehistoric--Balikh River Valley (Turkey and Syria)/Land settlement patterns, Prehistoric--Balikh River Valley (Turkey and Syria)/Social archaeology--Balikh River Valley (Turkey and Syria)/Balikh River Valley (Turkey and Syria)--Antiquities/Syria--Antiquities