Watson, Patty Jo, 1932-. Girikihaciyan: a Halafian site in southeastern Turkey

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1. Introduction


The Halaf Problem

2. The 1968 And 1970 Field Seasons

Site Description

1968 Season

1970 Season

Excavation And Recording Methods

Excavation Summaries












Operation A

3. Architecture And Stratigraphy

Stratigraphic Summaries


E4n1, E4n2, E5n1, E5n2, And E5n3





E7n8 And Operation A

Architectural Summary

Radiocarbon Determinations

Girikihaciyan Post- Or Epi-halafian

4. Painted Pottery

A Brief General Description Of Girikihaciyan Painted Pottery



Surface Treatment

Paints And Painting



Form Classes Of Painted Ware

Girikihaciyan Painted Pottery Form Classification

Hijara's Interpretation Of Halafian Painted Pottery From Arpachiyah

Painted Pottery Vessel Forms




The Halafian Pottery Of Shams Ed-din



5. Unpainted Pottery

Halafian Plan Ware Form Classes

Form Classes

Incised, Punctate, And Appliqued Sherds

Discussion And Conclusions

Imported Pottery: Red Incised Ware


6. The Chipped Stone Industry And Other Artifact Categories

The Stone Industry

Blade Analysis

Backed Crescents And Trapezoids

Bone Objects


Bone Awls

Notched Bones

Miscellaneous Worked Bone

Sling Missiles

Grinding Stones

Querns (metates)

Handstones (manos)

Pestles, Mortars, And Stone Bowls


Stone Bowls

Beads, Pendants, And Seals

Miscellaneous Ground Stone Objects

Ceramic Objects

Clay Figurines

Spindle Whorls


Worked Sherds

Sieves Or Strainers


Untitled Section: ...

7. Halafian Fauna At Girikihaciyan


Sus Scrofa

Bos Taurus

Minor Faunal Components

Altered And Pathological Specimens

Variability Of Faunal Elements Within The Site



8. Burials

Burial 1 (e4n2, 8-6)

Burial 2 (a 7-7)

Burial 3 (a 6-7)

Burial 4 (e7n8, 8-1 And 9-3)

9. Statistical Analysis


Results Of Factor Analyses

Factor Analysis 1

Factor Analysis 2

Factor Analysis 3

Factor Analysis 4

Factor Analysis 5


Results Of Combined Factor-cluster Analysis

Comparison Of Design Motifs At Seven Halafian Sites

10. Discussion And Conclusions

Halafian Society

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Girikihaciyan: a Halafian site in southeastern Turkey

Published By: Original publisher Los Angeles: Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles. 1990. 146 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Patty Jo Watson, Steven A. LeBlanc

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Halafian (M086)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Ceramic technology (323); Structures (340); Cultural participation (184); Reviews and critiques (114); General tools (412);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Watson and LeBlanc present their findings from the small, late Halaf site of Girikihaciyan. They discuss the excavations, architecture, ceramics, stone tools, other artifacts, diet, and tools. They also present a critique of Hijara's ceramic seriation for the site of Arpachiyah and compare Girikihaciyan with other Halafian sites, mostly Arpachiyah, Banahilk, Tell Aqab, Shames-ed-Din, and Tell Turlu.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 9

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. m086-009

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. [140]-146)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1968 and 1970

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2006

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 6855±45 BP and 7000±45 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Girikihaciyan, southeast Turkey

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Halaf culture--Turkey/Excavations (Archaeology)--Turkey/Girikihaciyan Site (Turkey)


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