Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Moseley, Michael Edward
The maritime foundations of Andean civilization
Published By: Original publisher
Menlo Park, Calif.: Cummings Pub. Co.. 1975. xii, 131 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Michael Edward Moseley
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2014. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Coastal Andean Archaic (SE40)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Sociocultural trends (178);
Woven and other interworked fabrics (286);
Public structures (344);
Production and supply (433);
Labor relations (466);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
When Moseley developed his thesis, most archaeologists didn't believe a civilization could arise without intensive agriculture, or that monumental architecture could have been built by people subsisting principally on marine resources and lacking ceramics. The work begins with the environmental setting and microenvironments around the Ancon-Chillón region. This is followed by a description of the socioeconomic changes in the region from the Lithic Stage of the Archaic through the Cotton Preceramic and into the early Ceramic. The various cultural remains are described with an emphasis on cotton textiles including their various methods of manufacturing and their designs, and on monumental architecture that indicates the ability of a "corporate authority" to mobilize large numbers of people to work together for an undertaking that "did not directly improve the living conditions of the participating workmen" (page 102). Mortuary practices are also a clue to a degree of social ranking, with a few wielding some greater degree of authority. Within two centuries, the large coastal settlements were abandoned as the majority of the people, and the corporate authority made visible in the construction of monumental architecture, moved inland where canal irrigation began to be used to farm the desert.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 121-128) and index
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry; 2012
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Indians of South America--Peru//Indians of South America--Peru--Antiquities//Civilization--History//Peru--Antiquities