Steadman, L. H.. Excavations at Camata: an early ceramic chronology for the Western Titicaca Basin, Peru

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Excavations At Camata

Camata And Its Setting

The Excavations

Unit 1 (fig. 4)

Units 2 And 5 (figs.6–7)

Unit 3 (fig.8)

Unit 4 (fig. 12)

Profile 1 (fig.13)

Absolute Dating Of The Camata Phases

Lithic Artifacts (figs. 18–20)

Miscellaneous Artifacts

The Sequence Of Occupation At Camata

Endnotes

Chapter 3 Ceramic Analysis And Classification

Methodological Issues In Ceramic Classification

Field Procedures

Defining The Ceramic Phases At Camata

Vessel Shape (table 13)

Rim Shapes (table 14)

Surface Color, Contour, And Luster (tables 15,17,18)

Surface Finish (table 16)

Firing (table 19)

Decoration

Zoned Punctate (fig.28a,g,fig.31a–d)

Qaluyu Red On Cream (fig.32c,fig.33b,c)

Qaluyu Polychrome (fig.33d,fig.37f,fig.38a–f,fig.45d,e,fig.46a–g,fig.50a,fig.53a)

Qaluyu Wide-line Incised (fig.41c,fig.49a–d,fig.54f,fig.60d–f)

Polychrome Painted/incised (fig.30d,e,fig.39a–f,fig.40a–f,fig.41e,fig.42b,fig.47a–d, ~ Fig.48a–f,fig.53b–e,fig.55c,fig.58a–c,fig.65c–i,fig. ~ 70a–c)

Dark Red On Red Incised (fig.41d,fig.53f,fig.59f)

Monochrome Incised (fig.26f,fig.33c,fig.36c,fig.40f,fig.41a,b,fig.48c,f, Fig.54a–e,fig.56d,fig.60a,b,fig.61c,fig.62c,fig.66a–g,fig.70d)

Appliqué Fillet (fig.28f,fig.48c,fig.61b,fig.67d,fig.71e,f)

Modeled (fig.27g,fig.28c,fig.32b,fig.39d,fig.42e,fig.58d,fig.60c,fig.67a,b,c)

Qeya Polychrome (fig.70c–g,fig.71a–d)

Endnotes

Chapter 4 The Ceramic Pastes At Camata

Paste Analysis

Paste 1

Paste 2

Paste 3

Paste 4

Paste 5

Paste 6

Paste 7

Paste 8

Paste 9

Paste 10

Paste 11

Paste 12

Paste 13

Paste 14

Paste 15

Paste 16

Paste 17

Paste 18

Paste 19

Paste 20

Paste 21

Paste 22

Paste 23

Paste 24

Paste 25

Paste 26

Paste 27

Ceramic Production And Exchange

Cooking Vessels And Fiber Temper

Chapter 5 Early Qaluyu 1

General Description Of The Assemblage

Decoration

Zoned Punctate (fig.28a,g)

Monochrome Incised (fig.26f)

Modeled (fig.27g,fig.28c)

Appliqué Fillet (fig.28f)

Vessel Shapes

Neckless Ollas (fig.24a–i)

Ollas (fig.25a–f)

Plain Rim Bowls (fig.26a–f)

Beveled Rim Bowls (fig.27a–g,fig.28a)

Shelf Rim Bowls (fig.28b,c)

Unclassifiable Rim Sherds

Lugs And Nubbins (fig.28d,c)

Chapter 6 Early Qaluyu 2

General Description Of The Assemblage

Decoration

Zoned Punctate (fig.31a–d)

Qaluyu Red On Cream (fig.32c,fig.33b,c)

Qaluyu Polychrome (fig.33d)

Polychrome Painted/incised (fig.30d,e)

Monochrome Incised (fig.33c)

Modeled (fig.32b)

Vessel Shapes

Neckless Ollas (fig.29a–c)

Ollas (fig.29f–h,fig.30a–c)

Plain Rim Bowls (fig.30d–g)

Beveled Rim Bowls (fig.31a,b,e,f,fig.32a)

Shelf Rim Bowls (fig.32b,c,fig.33a,b,c)

Unclassifiable Rim Sherds

Lugs And Nubbins

Notes

Chapter 7 Late Qaluyu 1

General Description Of The Assemblage

Decoration

Qaluyu Polychrome (fig.37f,fig.38a–f)

Qaluyu Wide-line Incised (fig.41c)

Polychrome Painted/incised (fig.39a–f,fig.40a–c,fig.41c,fig.42b)

Dark Red On Red Incised (fig.41d)

Monochrome Incised (fig.40f,fig.41a,b)

Modeled (fig.42c)

Miscellaneous (fig.41g)

Vessel Shapes

Neckless Ollas (fig.34a–g)

Ollas (fig.35a–d,fig.36a–h)

Plain Rim Bowls (fig.37a–f,fig.38a,b,d,f,fig.39a,d,e,fig.40d-f, Fig.41a,b,d)

Beveled Rim Bowls (fig.41e,f)

Shelf Rim Bowls (fig.41g,h)

Rectangular Vessels (fig.42a,b)

Bottles (fig.42c)

Trumpets (fig.42c)

Unclassifiable Rim Sherds

Lugs And Handles (fig.42d)

Notes

Chapter 8 Late Qaluyu 2

General Description Of The Assemblage

Decoration

Qaluyu Polychrome (fig.45d,e,fig.46a–g,fig.50a)

Qaluyu Wide-line Incised (fig.49a–d)

Polychrome Painted/incised (fig.47a–d,fig.48a–d)

Monochrome Incised (fig.48e,f)

Miscellaneous Decorated (fig.44b)

Vessel Shapes

Neckless Ollas (fig.43a–d)

Ollas (fig.43e–i,fig.44a–f)

Plain Rim Bowls (fig. 45a–e,fig. 46a,b,f,fig.47a,b,fig.49a–d)

Beveled Rim Bowls (fig.50a)

Bottles (fig.50b)

Unclassifiable Rim Sherds

Lugs (fig.50c)

Handles

Chapter 9 Initial Pucara

General Description Of The Assemblage

Decoration

Qaluyu Polychrome (fig.53a)

Qaluyu Wide-line Incised (fig.54f)

Polychrome Painted/incised (fig.53b–e)

Dark Red On Red Incised (fig.53f)

Monochrome Incised (fig.54a–c)

Vessel Shapes

Ollas (fig.51a–g)

Jars (fig.52a,b)

Plain Rim Bowls (fig.52c,d,fig.53,b,c,f,fig.54a–d)

Beveled Rim Bowls

Unclassifiable Rim Sherds

Handles

Chapter 10 Pucara 1

General Description Of The Assemblage

Decoration

Qaluyu Polychrome

Qaluyu Wide-line Incised (fig.60d–f)

Polychrome Painted/incised Fig.55c,fig.58a–e,fig.59a–e)

Dark Red On Red Incised (fig.59f)

Monochrome Incised (fig.56d,fig.60a,b,fig.61c)

Modeled (fig.60c)

Appliqué Fillet (fig.61b)

Miscellaneous

Vessel Shapes

Ollas (fig.55a–h)

Jars (fig.55i,fig.56a–e)

Plain Rim Bowls (fig.57a–g,fig.58a–c,fig.60a)

Beveled Rim Bowls (fig.59g,h)

Bottles (fig.61a)

Trumpets (fig.60b,c)

Unclassifiable Rim Sherds

Handles (fig.61c,d,fig.55g,fig.56e)

Chapter 11 Pucara 2

General Description Of The Assemblage

Decoration

Polychrome Painted/incised (fig.65c–i)

Monochrome Incised (fig.62e,fig.66a–g)

Modeled (fig. 67a,b,c)

Appliqué Fillet (fig.67d)

Miscellaneous

Vessel Shapes

Ollas (fig.62a–c)

Jars (fig.62f–h,fig.63a–g)

Plain Rim Bowls (fig.64a–g,fig.65c,d,fig.66a,b,fig.67b)

Beveled Rim Bowls (fig.65a,b)

Ceremonial Burners (fig.67a)

Bottles (fig.67c)

Trumpets (fig.66f,g)

Unclassifiable Rim Sherds

Handles (fig.62a,f,fig.67f)

Chapter 12 Late Pucara

General Description Of The Assemblage

Decoration

Polychrome Painted/incised (fig.70a–c)

Monochrome Incised (fig.70d)

Qeya Polychrome (fig.70e–g,fig.71a–d)

Appliqué Fillets (fig.71c.f)

Vessel Shapes

Ollas (fig.68a)

Jars (fig.68b–g.fig.69a–b)

Plain Rim Bowls (fig.69c–g,fig.70a–b)

Beveled Rim Bowls (fig.69h)

Unclassifiable Rim Sherds

Handles

Chapter 13 Camata In Comparative Perspective

The Initial Period — (early Qaluyu 1 And 2)

Southern Basin

Northern Basin

Western Basin And Summary

The Early Horizon — (late Qaluyu 1, 2, Initial Pucara)

Southern Basin

Northern Basin

Western Basin And Summary

The Early Intermediate Period (pucara 1 And 2)

Southern Basin

Northern Basin

Western Basin And Summary

The Later Early Intermediate Period (late Pucara)

Southern Basin

Northern Basin

Western Basin And Summary

Chapter 14 Summary And Conclusions

Early Qaluyu

Late Qaluyu

Initial Pucara, Pucara 1 And 2

Late Pucara

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Excavations at Camata: an early ceramic chronology for the Western Titicaca Basin, Peru

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, 1995 [2001 copy]. 682 p.: ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Lee Hyde Steadman

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2003. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Highland Andean Formative (SE48)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Ceramic technology (323); Utensils (415); Visual arts (5311);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Steadman cleared a train-cut, drew the profile, and excavated several units along the train-cut at the site of Camata along the northwestern shore of Lake Titicaca; Peru. She then analyzed and described the ceramics as her dissertation. The sequence at Camata extends from 3750 B.P.- 1650 B.P. (1750 B.C. to 350 A.D.) 'The ceramics from Camata differ from previously defined assemblages in the Lake Titicaca Basin, combining attributes from both the northern and southern Basin, as well as local variations.' (page i). One of her more interesting findings is that at this site fiber tempered ceramics came after mineral tempered ceramics. Only the data pertaining to the Highland Andean Formative were indexed for OCM (Outline of Cultural Materials) subjects.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 4

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. se48-004

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM9602759. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of California, 1995 Includes bibliographical references (p. 512-529)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1988

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 2002

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 3750 B.P. -2300 B.P. (1750 B.C.-300 B.C.)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Camata; Peru

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Indians of South America--Andes--Antiquities

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