The Aymara kingdoms were politically autonomous and located in the Lake Titicaca region and high Andes of southern Peru, Bolivia, and northern Chile. In contrast to the previous Tiwanaku period with its intensive agricultural strategies, the Aymara kingdoms relied heavily on pastoralism and household level agriculture on rain-fed terraces. The Aymara Kingdom tradition was characterized by fortified, hilltop sites with smaller associated settlements. Social ranking was not marked. The Aymara Kingdoms tradition dates from 900 to 530 BP (AD 1100 - AD 1470).
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South America --Central Andes
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